Parshah Yitro Exodus 18:1-20:23

Parshah Yitro

Exodus 18:1-20:23
(Torah Reading for Week of Jan 12-18, 2014 – Shevat 11-17, 5774)

Moses’ father-in-law, Jethro, hears of the great miracles which G‑d performed for the people of Israel, and comes from Midian to the Israelite camp, bringing with him Moses’ wife and two sons. Jethro advises Moses to appoint a hierarchy of magistrates and judges to assist him in the task of governing and administering justice to the people.

The children of Israel camp opposite Mount Sinai, where they are told that G‑d has chosen them to be His “kingdom of priests” and “holy nation.” The people respond by proclaiming, “All that G‑d has spoken, we shall do.”

On the sixth day of the third month (Sivan), seven weeks after the Exodus, the entire nation of Israel assembles at the foot of Mount Sinai. G‑d descends on the mountain amidst thunder, lightning, billows of smoke and the blast of the shofar, and summons Moses to ascend.

G‑d proclaims the Ten Commandments, commanding the people of Israel to believe in G‑d, not to worship idols or take G‑d’s name in vain, to keep the Shabbat, honor their parents, not to murder, not to commit adultery, not to steal, and not to bear false witness or covet another’s property. The people cry out to Moses that the revelation is too intense for them to bear, begging him to receive the Torah from G‑d and convey it to them.- http://www.chabad.org/parshah/article_cdo/aid/36271/jewish/Yitro-in-a-Nutshell.htm

Video by Rabbi Joshua Neely – Temple Israel in Orlando

Parashat Yitro: Exodus 18
Rabbi Eleizer said – The Holy One blessed be He said to Moses: I am
the One Who spoke and brought the world into existence. I am the One
Who brings close, not Who pushes away. I brought Yitro close and I did
not push him away. So you also, when a person comes to you to convert
and comes for the sake of Heaven, you should bring him close and not
push him away. Mekhilta Yitro Amalek 1
Also quoted by Rabbi Uziel, the Sephardic Chief Rabbi of Israel from
1939 until his death in 1953.

Keinites, are mentioned in Shofteim 1:16 and 4:11,17, as well as
Shemuel I 15:6

Now the chief of Midian had..: Heb. ןָדיְ מִ הןֵֹלכְ וּ, i.e., the most
prominent among them. He had abandoned idolatry, so they banned him
from living with them. From Exodus Rabbah 1:32 and drove them [the
daughters] away: because of the ban. Rashi on Exodus 2:16 & 17

After Yitro converted to Judaism he was called Hovav as see in
Judges 4:11. It is the way of all converts to call themselves a different name
when they become Jews. Ramban ad loc.

Cohen (priest) in biblical Hebrew can refer to one who serves any
god, false or true. However. Yitro was a priest of the true God. Ibn Ezra ad
loc.

Yitro, the priest of Midian, Moses’ father-in-law, heard (Exodus 18: 1) —
What had he heard that made him come and convert? Rabbi Joshua says,
He heard about the war of Amalek and came, as is written in the
immediately prior passage. Rabbi Eleazar Hamodai, He heard about the
giving of the Torah and therefore came along. When the Holy One, blessed
be He, revealed the Torah to Israel, the sound of the matter echoed from
one end of the earth to the other, and all the kings of the world shook in
their palaces Zevachim 116a

https://www.dropbox.com/sh/hw1j2vcxwudepvq/C3gz8ezTWs/102%20Yitro%205773%20Yitro%20the%20Ger%20Cohen.pdf

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One Response to Parshah Yitro Exodus 18:1-20:23

  1. Pingback: Thoughts on Passover | From guestwriters

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